Categories of Emotions

Psychologists have attempted to categorize human emotions in many different ways. In general, as described by W. Gerrod Parrott in 2001, humans can be said to have primary emotions which they are born with and which are not learned, such as fear, joy, surprise, anger, love and sadness. Secondary emotions, such as irritability, rage and sadness, and tertiary emotions, such as triumph, amazement and anguish are thought to be connected to social contexts and learning.


Parrott, W. (2001), “Emotions in Social Psychology: Key Readings (Key Readings in Social Psychology)“, Psychology Press, Philadelphia.