Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning is a basic, non-intentional form of learning, discovered more or less by accident by the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov. Classical conditioning is a process where sense stimuli are associated with specific, reaction-evoking events. Natural reactions to a certain event (such as fear, in situations of danger), can then be triggered by previously unrelated stimuli (such as the sounding of a bell). Phobias are attributed to classical conditioning.